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cash budget mdash comprehensive following are the budgeted income statements for the 639356

Cash budget—comprehensive Following are the budgeted income statements for the second quarter of 2010 for Marine Tech, Inc.:

April

May

June

Sales

$224,000

$272,000

$304,000

Cost of goods sold

153,600

182,400

201,600

Gross profit

$ 70,400

$ 89,600

$102,400

Operating expenses

35,200

40,000

43,200

Operating income

$ 35,200

$ 49,600

$ 59,200

The company expects about 40% of sales to be cash transactions. Of sales on account, 65% are expected to be collected in the first month after the sale is made, and 35% are expected to be collected in the second month after sale. Depreciation, insurance, and property taxes represent $19,200 of the estimated monthly cost of goods sold and $12,800 of the estimated monthly operating expenses. The annual insurance premium is paid in January, and the annual property taxes are paid in August. Of the remainder of the cost of goods sold and operating expenses, 90% are expected to be paid in the month in which they are incurred, and the balance is expected to be paid in the following month.

Current assets as of April 1, 2010, consist of cash of $22,400 and accounts receivable of $239,680 ($168,000 from March credit sales and $71,680 from February credit sales). Current liabilities as of April 1 consist of $28,800 of accounts payable for product costs incurred in March; $7,360 of accrued liabilities for operating expenses incurred in March; and a $76,000, 12%, 120 day note payable that is due on April 17, 2010.

An estimated income tax payment of $72,000 will be made in May. The regular quarterly dividend of $25,600 is expected to be declared in May and paid in June.

Capital expenditures amounting to $27,520 will be made in April.

Required:

a. Complete the monthly cash budgets for the second quarter of 2010 using the following format. Note that the ending cash balance for June is provided as a check figure.

b. Assume that management of Marine Tech, Inc., desires to maintain a minimum cash balance of $20,000 at the beginning of each month and has arranged a $100,000 line of credit with a local bank at an interest rate of 10% to ensure the availability of funds. Borrowing transactions are to occur only at the end of months in which the budgeted cash balance would otherwise fall short of the $20,000 minimum balance. Repayments of principal and interest are to occur at the end of the earliest month in which sufficient funds are expected to be available for repayment. Explain how this minimum cash balance requirement would affect the monthly cash budgets prepared in part a.

MARINE TECH, INC.

Cash Budget

For the Months of April, May, and June, 2010

April

May

June

Beginning cash balance

$22,400

$

$

Cash Receipts:

From cash sales made in current month

From credit sales made in:

February

March

April

May

Total cash available.

$

$

$

Cash Disbursements:

For cost of goods sold and operating expenses

incurred in:

March

$

$

$

April

May

June

For payment of note payable and interest

For capital expenditures

For payment of income taxes

For payment of dividends

Total disbursements

$

$

$

Ending cash balance

$

$

$

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